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Yulunga Traditional Indigenous Games

Yulunga ResourceYulunga*: Traditional Indigenous Games is an activity resource of over 100 traditional Indigenous Australian games created to provide all Australians with an opportunity to learn about, appreciate and experience aspects of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures.

Suitable for children and adults of all ages, abilities and backgrounds, Yulunga can be used in schools around Australia as an educational resource and as a guide to inclusive, structured sport within communities.

*Yulunga means playing in the language of the Kamilaroi (Gamori) people of northern-western New South Wales.


The Yulunga: Traditional Indigenous Games can be used as skill games or lead-up games in physical education lessons or in specific sport practice sessions. Each activity card provides the following information about the activity:

  • Bands of learning (F-3, 4-6, 7-9, 10-12)
  • Background
  • Description
  • Equipment
  • Variations
  • Safety 
  • Teaching tips

Bunbuja yulunga activity   Kolap yulunga activity   Kutturi yulunga activity


Yulunga: Traditional Indigenous Games is a selection of games and activities from Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander societies all around Australia. It provides an opportunity to learn about, appreciate and experience aspects of Indigenous culture.

Indigenous games and activities have a rich history as some were recorded by explorers, government officials, settlers, scientists and missionaries in the nineteenth century. They have also been past down through generation by Indigenous Australians.

The games and activities in Yulunga: Traditional Indigenous Games are:

  • played in their traditional forms with modern equipment
  • modified for safety, ease of use or to cater for all ages and abilities
  • reconstructed from incomplete accounts

Approval was sought from the traditional owners of the games or from a representative Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander organisation. When the games are used as part of school or sporting program it is recommended that local elders and Indigenous groups are informed of plans and invited to participate in some way.


Sport Australia acknowledges Ken Edwards for the extensive and thorough research undertaken to collate the Yulunga: Traditional Indigenous Games.

To create this resource, Ken Edwards with the assistance of Troy Meston reviewed almost every available account of Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander games from all parts of Australia.

Sport Australia recognises the traditional owners of the games and activities that formed the basis of this resource. This resource is dedicated to all Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

Traditional Indigenous Games consultants

Ken Edwards (PhD) is a former physical education teacher and academic in the Faculty of Health (School of Human Movement Studies) at Queensland University of Technology (QUT) in Brisbane. He is currently a staff member in the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences (School of Humanities — Education) at Bond University on the Gold Coast.

Troy Meston is a graduate of the Faculty of Education at QUT and currently Director of Blackbase in Brisbane. He is actively involved in the promotion of Indigenous traditional games in schools and community groups.



The Traditional Indigenous Games resource has been designed for people of all ages.

The resource assumes that each person participating in the activities is healthy and has no medical condition that would preclude him or her from participating in the activities.

People should not be allowed to participant in an activity if any medical, physical or other factor indicates that he or she is not suited to that activity. Where there are any queries or concerns about such matters, the consent of the participant, or if under 18, the participant’s parent/legal guardian, should be obtained before allowing participation.

Adult supervision must be provided for all activities where participants are under 18 years of age. While care has been taken in the preparation of the resource, the publisher and authors do not accept any liability arising from the use of the resource, including without limitation, from any activities described in the resource.